President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief or PEPFAR is the US Government’s global strategy for preventing AIDS/HIV. PEPFAR’s main prevention program featured the controversial ABC strategy: Abstain, Be faithful, and correct and consistent use of Condoms. This study uses the “difference-in-differences” (DID) estimator to assess impact of ABC on slowing the spread of HIV in PEPFAR’s Sub-Saharan recipient countries. Applying DID analysis to a panel of 40 African countries in 2001 and 2009, we found PEPFAR’s preventative measuresdid not reduce adult HIV rates. These results call into question the effectiveness of ABC as a HIV preventative strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Daniel Barkley, EOTM Executive Director Opeyemi Adeniyi, EOTM Research Fellow