National Bureau of Statistics of China Tour

On November 24th Dr. Barkley’s  Macroeconomics and Statistics students from the International College Beijing went on a 2 hour tour of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in Beijing, China. The NBS collects data and publishes hundreds of statistics on China’s economy including inflation rate, GDP, wages, energy consumption and CPI. In addition to a museum collection documenting the use of statistics in China dating back several centuries, the NBS has English and Mandarin reading rooms.

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NBS Beijing, China

NBS Beijing, China

PEPFAR and Preventing HIV Transmission: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

ABSTRACT

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief or PEPFAR is the US Government’s global strategy for preventing AIDS/HIV. PEPFAR’s main prevention program featured the controversial ABC strategy: Abstain, Be faithful, and correct and consistent use of Condoms. This study uses the “difference-in-differences” (DID) estimator to assess impact of ABC on slowing the spread of HIV in PEPFAR’s Sub-Saharan recipient countries. Applying DID analysis to a panel of 40 African countries in 2001 and 2009, we found PEPFAR’s preventative measuresdid not reduce adult HIV rates. These results call into question the effectiveness of ABC as a HIV preventative strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa.

By

                                        Daniel Barkley, EOTM Executive Director                                           Opeyemi Adeniyi, EOTM Research Fellow

                   International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 6, No. 7; July 2015