Beneficios del Futbol

Una de mis primeras asignaturas universitarias en este país fue un curso de historia (U.S. History) en el Orange Coast College.  No erar una clase normal; estaba diseñada especialmente para estudiantes extranjeros, aunque entre nosotros también había estudiantes nativos, es decir nacidos en este país.

La profesora hizo una pregunta en torno a las contribuciones que nosotros, los inmigrantes –no solo como individuos sino como grupo nacional y/o cultural— podríamos ofrecer a los Estados Unidos.

En el grupo había estudiantes de descendencia vietnamés, coreana, mexicana, española, polaca y, por supuesto, boliviana.  Mi compañero de México hizo notar la exquisitez de la culinaria de su país y los beneficios en la economía norteamericana.   Una estudiante coreana habló sobre las costumbres y buenos modales de la sociedad asiática con las personas mayores.   Nos contó que para ella era un shock (sorpresa) ver y escuchar a los jóvenes norteamericanos discutir y responder a sus padres de una manera descortés.

Cuando me tocó el turno de responder, no supe realmente que decir, a pesar de que la pregunta ya había sido formulada al inicio de la clase.  Lo único que se me ocurrió es mencionar sobre el futbol (soccer) porque en Bolivia, como en el resto de América Latina, es el deporte que más se practica.

Sostuve que el futbol es un juego que no solamente es bueno para la salud del cuerpo, sino también brinda cuantiosos beneficios para la economía de un país.  Esos argumentos que inicialmente fundamenté en mi clase son también válidos en la Copa Mundial 2014, el cual se realiza en Brasil.

Los gastos que el gobierno brasileño erogó en la construcción y refacción de campos deportivos fueron cuantiosos.  Se calcula que los brasileños invirtieron alrededor de 14.000 millones de dólares.

Algunos grupos sociales que se manifestaron al inicio del torneo mundial de futbol y que pretenden hacerlo nuevamente, reclamaron que ese dinero podría haberse utilizado de mejor manera en otros rubros sociales, como en educación, vivienda, salud, entre otros.

Dichos argumentos son válidos, pero también tienen sus limitantes.  En la nueva coyuntura económica mundial, el Estado no debe convertirse en una entidad benefactora de la sociedad sin que exista una pisca de responsabilidad por parte del ciudadano.  De lo contrario, crearíamos un régimen de personas dependientes que no valoran lo que reciben.

Los trabajos que proporciona una Copa Mundial en el país organizador no solamente están relacionados con el deporte, sino también incluye a otros sectores, como el turismo, construcción, mercadotecnia, ingeniería, educación, entretenimiento, etc.  La organización del Mundial de futbol es una buena forma de inyectar una buena dosis de capital a la economía nacional en sectores que producen trabajos.

La Copa Mundial, en este sentido, es una verdadera maquinaria económica que mueve un inmenso capital humano, beneficia a grandes y chicos, como también a pobres y ricos.  ¡Viva el futbol!
Humberto Caspa, Ph.D., es profesor e investigador de Economics On The Move.          E-mail: hcletters@yahoo.com

División de Irak

Irak está nuevamente en el centro de la problemática mundial. Durante el régimen de Saddam Hussein, el problema fue en torno al autoritarismo de su régimen militar, el dominio de una minoría religiosa islamista suní y una ambición inusitada de convertir a su país en el poder dominante del Medio Oriente.

Paradójicamente, la dictadura de Hussein permitió un equilibrio de los diversos grupos étnicos y nacionales en Irak por más de 20 años, aunque para ello tuvo que recurrir a la represión, la tortura y otras formas condenables por la comunidad internacional. En su momento, Hussein aplacó a los grupos disidentes de chiitas y kurdos con la utilización de armas químicas.

La invasión por una coalición de fuerzas militares liderada por los norteamericanos en 2003 propició el desmantelamiento del aparato autoritario iraquí y la eventual captura y condena a la ahorca de Hussein. La invasión también rompió el balance social existente en Irak y permitió que las mayorías chiitas, quienes habían sido reprimidas por Hussein, dominen el nuevo entorno de la sociedad iraquí.

En otras palabras, hubo una reversión de poderes. Los que estaban arriba, ahora están abajo y viceversa. El nuevo líder de Irak, el Primer Ministro Nouri al-Maliki, no ha podido integrar a las minorías religiosas sunitas en su gobierno, ni tampoco pudo frenar los sentimientos secesionistas de los kurdos, quienes crearon un enclave político y territorial en la zona norte de Irak.

Es este sentido, el nuevo movimiento del Estado Islámico de Irak y el Levante (EIIL) es producto de la debilidad del gobierno de al-Maliki. Este grupo radical yihadista tiene como objetivo derribar el actual gobierno chiita de Irak, también destronar la dictadura siria de Bashar al-Assad y crear un califato unido en territorio de ambos países.
El EIIL es un proyecto osado y, por qué no, imaginativo. A pesar de las victorias logradas en el noroeste de Iraq y el oriente de Siria, todavía no tiene la capacidad de derrocar al gobierno de al-Maliki y/o de al-Assad.

Sin embargo, la incidencia del EIIL es más pronunciada en la homogeneidad de la sociedad iraquí. La etnia-nacional kurda, cuya población en Irak sobrepasa los 4 millones, está presta a utilizar la falta de gobernabilidad como un artificio político para legitimar su independencia. La insurgencia yihadista del EIIL ha aumentado los sentimientos secesionistas en las poblaciones kurdas y ha dotado a sus líderes de mayores elementos políticos para establecer un nuevo Estado de Kurdistán.
El gobierno norteamericano, a través de su secretario de estado John Kerry, expresó que no está de acuerdo en la división territorial de Irak. Mientras no exista un apoyo militar real, de soldados norteamericanos en el campo de batalla, las palabras de Kerry solo se pierden en el aire.
La realidad en Irak es bastante delicada. En esta nueva coyuntura de guerra los únicos vencedores son los kurdos.

Humberto Caspa, Ph.D., es profesor e investigador de Economics On The Move. E-mail: hcletters@yahoo.com

EOTM Partners with Standard Academy (Yola, Nigeria)

EOTM Donates School Supplies to Standard Academy

EOTM Executive Director, Dr. Daniel Barkley with Standard Academy, President Nuruddeen Nyako

EOTM Executive Director, Dr. Daniel Barkley with Standard Academy, President Nuruddeen Nyako

Education is a critical component of development. UNESCO recommends 26% of a country’s annual budget be dedicated to education.Ghana spends 31 %, Cote d’Ivoire, 30%; Uganda 27%; Morocco 26. 1; Swaziland, 24.6; South Africa 25.8%; Kenya, 23%; Botswana, 19%Nigeria hugs the bottom spending only 8.4% of its GDP on education.

One results of this in Nigeria is 10.5 million drops outs; the highest amount in the world. Here in Yola it is not uncommon to see kids in the street when they should be in school.

The security situation in the North has exacerbated the drop out problem in the north.
UNICEF, in its statement, said recent kidnappings and violent attacks had made it difficult for children in northern Nigeria to get education, as thousands of families are fleeing their homes and pulling their children out of school.
 

In the first three months of 2014, the United Nation’s organisation reported that at least 15,000 children in northern Nigeria had stopped attending classes.

According to UNICEF, almost one of three primary-school aged children and one in four secondary-school aged children is not enrolled.

Standard Academy is doing it’s part to address the problem. Since its opening in August 2013, Standard Academy has attracted primary-school aged children from more than 70 families. Its fees are very reasonable and several students are on scholarship.

Standard Academy teachers are dedicated, passionate and qualified. The curriculum is an unapologetic amalgamation of Western educational methodology, Islamic principles and Hausa-Fulani culture. Kids are learning their lessons in Arabic, English, and Hausa.
In January 2014, Economics On The Move (EOTM) donated pencils, books, flash cards to Standard Academy in Yola Nigeria

Ref: http://www.punchng.com/news/10-million-nigerian-kids-out-of-school-unicef/

 

EOTM Sponsors Umar

Standard Academy President, Nuruddeen Nyako, Umar and Dr. Daniel Barkley

EOTM sponsors Umar’s education.

I first met Umar (age 6) wondering the dusty streets of Yola alone wearing short pants, no shirt or shoes.  Today, Umar is attending Standard Academy primary school.  This transformation was made possible with through EOTM sponsorship.

Today’s Learners, Tomorrow’s Leaders (TL2)

These are a collection of videos involving the Today’s Learners, Tomorrow’s Leaders (TL2) program at the University of Cincinnati.

EOTM Partners with the Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (BRICS)

About Us: Changing Lives

Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (BRICS) is a community-based NGO that promotes cycling sports and related activities as vehicles for change in Yola, Nigeria. BRICS has made remarkable progress in a relatively short time. BRICS has trained over 20 kids to unicycle, established pen-pal writing correspondences with unicycling kids in the USA, fabricated unicycles locally (pictured, left) and started an advertising venture featuring Yola’s unicycling kids.

BRICS kids with Pen-Pal Letters from Cincinnati, Ohio USA

BRICS kids with Pen-Pal Letters from Cincinnati, Ohio USA

 

Our Vision: Giving Hope

In recognition of the invaluable asset youth are to the future prosperity, peace and sustainability of our community, BRICS is committed to cycling initiatives that honor and nurture the talents and abilities of Yola youth.

Isa and Marvelous training Ahmed (centered) to unicycle

Isa and Marvelous training Ahmed (centered) to unicycle

 

Our Mission: Shaping the Future

In addition to having fun learning how to unicycle, our kids learn discipline, cooperation, leadership, responsibility and team spirit in a safe and nurturing space.

BRICS President Nuruddeen Nyako instructing youth on riding unicycles in formation

BRICS President Nuruddeen Nyako instructing youth on riding unicycles in formation.

 

Empowering Youth

BRICS students learning computer skills at the AUN School of Information Technology and Computing

BRICS students learning computer skills at the American University of Nigeria School of Information Technology and Computing

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Advertise With Us

Unicycling is a new sport in Adamawa State and its eye-catching performances present an opportunity to generate revenue through various advertising platforms. BRICS unicyclist are available to perform at event including parades, grand openings, weddings and birthdays.

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BRICS paid a visit to TVGotel as part of the 2014 Children's Day Celebration. BRICS President, Nuruddeen Nyako and trainee Daniwa Gambo were featured in the breakfast TV Show, SAFIYA (May 27, 2014).

BRICS paid a visit to TVGotel as part of the 2014 Children’s Day Celebration. BRICS President, Nuruddeen Nyako and trainee Daniwa Gambo were featured in the breakfast TV Show, SAFIYA (May 27, 2014).

 

Contact Us

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Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (B.R.I.C.S.)

23/24 Amana Shopping Complex
Lamido Zubairu Way
By Yola Model School Junction
Yola South
Adamawa State, Nigeria
bicycleridersnigeria@gmail.com
+234 814 188 6500
+234 807 209 1982

Karatu Library Book Drive

Dear All,
In March EOTM sponsored the delivery of braille reading materials from the Clovernook Center for the Blind in Cincinnati, Ohio to the Karatu Library Foundation in Yola, Nigeria. The donation included books, magazines, newspapers, crossword puzzles, sheet music and chess games. These braille reading materials were manufactured by blind and visually impaired people at the Clovernook Center Center. The Clovernook donation will support the education of some 184 blind children at the the Jada Special Education Center, Nigeria, who have no access to such valuable reading materials.

ETOM is continuing this book drive for Karatu for the remainder of 2012. You can make your tax-deductable donations to the Karatu book drive through PayPal on the EOTM home page.

Daniel Barkley, Ph.D.
Executive Director Economics On The Move

EOTM at Yale University

richardDear All,
I am honored to announce that this summers Yale Exploration program (http://www.explo.org/360/yale) will (again) feature two people from Economics On The Move (EOTM): Dr. Hannah Mugambi and Richard Sanchez (see attached photos). Dr. Mugambi who is on EOTM’s Board of Directors, began her teaching career at the University of Nairobi and has since enjoyed teaching at Goucher College, Johns Hopkins University, Morgan State University, Egerton University and the American University of Nigeria. Hannah other interests include Women Leadership and Community Literacy.

This summer, Hannah will be the “Curriculum Coordinator” for Exploration course. In addition to being a great role model for our youths, EOTM will benefit from Hannah’s skills and professional experience. This summer Exploration will again feature EOTM instructor Richard Sanchez. Richard will be teaching Economics (Micro and Macro) as well as Business Etiquette. Richard’s courses will include many of the hands-on learning activities that have made EOTM a success. Through the use of grant funding, EOTM will sponsor highly motivated and qualified students who could not otherwise afford to enroll in Richard’s classes. Richard is a product of EOTM and currently teaches for the Mecklenburg School District located in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Please join me in congratulating Hannah and Richard on their special achievements. Respectfully,

Daniel Barkley, Ph.D.
Executive Director Economics On The Move

Economics On The Move in BOLIVIA!

nicolasDear All,
I am honored to announce that Economics On The Move (EOTM) research scholar, Nicholas Calderon’s project Capesinos Voice the Discourse of Fair Trade been accepted into the 2012-2013 cohort of the Haas Scholars at the University of California, Berkeley (see message below).

Nicolas is in his junior year at UC Berkeley’s Society and Environment program. His studies emphasize understanding how we can improve human relationships with natural resources and each other. Nicholas’ project Capesinos Voice the Discourse of Fair Trade will take place in the Altiplano region of Bolivia, where he will investigate the degree to which fair trade’s purported benefits are met. He will examine the extent of grower knowledge regarding fair trade entitlements, and their use of the Fair Trade social premium.

His methods will combine an examination of discourses about the benefits of “fair trade;” participant observation with photographic documentation; and interviews conducted with small-scale growers (those producing less than 2 hectares). The significance of this research will be to publish the quinoa growing process and what individual actors say about Fair Trade in a free iBook. EOTM Research Fellow Dr. Humberto Caspa has provided Nicholas with critical mentorship in preparing his successful Hass application (see message below). Dr. Caspa and EOTM will continue to support Nicholas’ research efforts in Bolivia. And with the support of private foundations, EOTM plans to increase the number of research scholarships we award.

Please join me in congratulating EOTM research scholar, Nicholas Calderon on this impressive accomplishment. We are grateful to have been able to contributed to his success.

Daniel Barkley, Ph.D.
Executive Director, Economics On The Move

EOTM Fellow Accepted in to the London School of Economics and Political Sciences

pabloDear All,
It brings me great honor and privilege to announce that the London School of Economics (LSE) has accepted Economics On The Move (EOTM) Research Fellow Pablo Bejar to their graduate program in International Development and Economic Policy (see message below and attached photo). This is an incredible opportunity

EOTM awarded Pablo a Research Fellowship in 2010 to support the revision of his thesis paper: “A Current Analysis of Firm Foundation Giving and its Effects on Corporate Financial Performance for American Companies” for academic publication.

Last summer, the Imgard Conix Foundation invited Pablo to present his paper on foundation giving paper to the “Workshop II: Financialization and Corporate Social Responsibility” held in Berlin, Germany. And the Social Responsibility Journal (Emerald) has accepted his paper for publication (see message below).   With help of private foundations, EOTM plans to increase the number of Research Fellowships it awards.

Pablo has made many important contributed to EOTM; he has written grants applications and letters of inquiry to private foundations and government agencies on our behalf. Pablo has also been instrumental in developing EOTM’s the Latin American Economic Development course by identifying appropriate touring destinations and translating documents and letters from our partner universities and organizations in Mexico and Bolivia.

Please join me in congratulating Economics On The Move Research Fellow Pablo Bejar on his remarkable achievements. We are grateful to have been able to contributed to his success.

Sincerely,
Daniel Barkley, Ph.D.
Executive Director, Economics On The Move