Division In Iraq
Iraq is again at the center of world problems. During the regime of Saddam Hussein, the problem was about the authoritarian military regime, the domain of a religious minority Sunni Islamist and an unusual ambition to make his country the dominant power in the Middle East.
Paradoxically, Hussein’s dictatorship, a balance of the various ethnic and national groups in Iraq for more than 20 years, even if it had to resort to repression, torture and other forms condemnable by the international community. At the time, Hussein placated dissident Shiite and Kurdish groups with the use of chemical weapons.
The invasion by a coalition of military forces led by the Americans in 2003 led to the dismantling of the Iraqi authoritarian apparatus and eventual capture and conviction of the hanged Hussein. The invasion also broke the existing social balance in Iraq and allowed the Shiite majority, who had been repressed by Hussein, master the new environment of Iraqi society.
In other words, there was a reversal of power. Those who were up are now down and vice versa. The new leader of Iraq, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has been unable to integrate the Sunni religious minorities in their government, nor could curb secessionist sentiments of the Kurds, who created a political and territorial enclave in northern Iraq.
It is this sense, the new movement of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (EIIL) is the product of the weakness of the government of al-Maliki. This radical jihadist group aims to overthrow the current Shiite government of Iraq, also overthrow the Syrian dictatorship of Bashar al-Assad and create a united caliphate in the territory of both countries.
The EIIL is a bold project, why not imaginative. Despite the victories in northwestern Iraq and eastern Syria, does not have the ability to overthrow the government of al-Maliki and / or al-Assad.
However, the incidence of EIIL is more pronounced in the homogeneity of the Iraqi society. The Kurdish ethnic-national, whose population exceeds 4 million Iraq, is ready to use the lack of governance as a political device to legitimize their independence. EIIL jihadist insurgency has increased secessionist sentiments in the Kurds and their leaders has given greater political elements to establish a new State of Kurdistan.
The U.S. government, through its secretary of state John Kerry, said he does not agree on the territorial division of Iraq. While there is no real military support of American soldiers in the battlefield, only Kerry’s words are lost in the air.
The reality in Iraq is pretty delicate. In this new situation of war the only winners are the Kurds.
Humberto Caspa, Ph.D., is a professor and researcher in Economics On The Move. E-mail: email@example.com
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