División de Irak

Irak está nuevamente en el centro de la problemática mundial. Durante el régimen de Saddam Hussein, el problema fue en torno al autoritarismo de su régimen militar, el dominio de una minoría religiosa islamista suní y una ambición inusitada de convertir a su país en el poder dominante del Medio Oriente.

Paradójicamente, la dictadura de Hussein permitió un equilibrio de los diversos grupos étnicos y nacionales en Irak por más de 20 años, aunque para ello tuvo que recurrir a la represión, la tortura y otras formas condenables por la comunidad internacional. En su momento, Hussein aplacó a los grupos disidentes de chiitas y kurdos con la utilización de armas químicas.

La invasión por una coalición de fuerzas militares liderada por los norteamericanos en 2003 propició el desmantelamiento del aparato autoritario iraquí y la eventual captura y condena a la ahorca de Hussein. La invasión también rompió el balance social existente en Irak y permitió que las mayorías chiitas, quienes habían sido reprimidas por Hussein, dominen el nuevo entorno de la sociedad iraquí.

En otras palabras, hubo una reversión de poderes. Los que estaban arriba, ahora están abajo y viceversa. El nuevo líder de Irak, el Primer Ministro Nouri al-Maliki, no ha podido integrar a las minorías religiosas sunitas en su gobierno, ni tampoco pudo frenar los sentimientos secesionistas de los kurdos, quienes crearon un enclave político y territorial en la zona norte de Irak.

Es este sentido, el nuevo movimiento del Estado Islámico de Irak y el Levante (EIIL) es producto de la debilidad del gobierno de al-Maliki. Este grupo radical yihadista tiene como objetivo derribar el actual gobierno chiita de Irak, también destronar la dictadura siria de Bashar al-Assad y crear un califato unido en territorio de ambos países.
El EIIL es un proyecto osado y, por qué no, imaginativo. A pesar de las victorias logradas en el noroeste de Iraq y el oriente de Siria, todavía no tiene la capacidad de derrocar al gobierno de al-Maliki y/o de al-Assad.

Sin embargo, la incidencia del EIIL es más pronunciada en la homogeneidad de la sociedad iraquí. La etnia-nacional kurda, cuya población en Irak sobrepasa los 4 millones, está presta a utilizar la falta de gobernabilidad como un artificio político para legitimar su independencia. La insurgencia yihadista del EIIL ha aumentado los sentimientos secesionistas en las poblaciones kurdas y ha dotado a sus líderes de mayores elementos políticos para establecer un nuevo Estado de Kurdistán.
El gobierno norteamericano, a través de su secretario de estado John Kerry, expresó que no está de acuerdo en la división territorial de Irak. Mientras no exista un apoyo militar real, de soldados norteamericanos en el campo de batalla, las palabras de Kerry solo se pierden en el aire.
La realidad en Irak es bastante delicada. En esta nueva coyuntura de guerra los únicos vencedores son los kurdos.

Humberto Caspa, Ph.D., es profesor e investigador de Economics On The Move. E-mail: hcletters@yahoo.com

EOTM Partners with Standard Academy (Yola, Nigeria)

EOTM Donates School Supplies to Standard Academy

EOTM Executive Director, Dr. Daniel Barkley with Standard Academy, President Nuruddeen Nyako

EOTM Executive Director, Dr. Daniel Barkley with Standard Academy, President Nuruddeen Nyako

Education is a critical component of development. UNESCO recommends 26% of a country’s annual budget be dedicated to education.Ghana spends 31 %, Cote d’Ivoire, 30%; Uganda 27%; Morocco 26. 1; Swaziland, 24.6; South Africa 25.8%; Kenya, 23%; Botswana, 19%Nigeria hugs the bottom spending only 8.4% of its GDP on education.

One results of this in Nigeria is 10.5 million drops outs; the highest amount in the world. Here in Yola it is not uncommon to see kids in the street when they should be in school.

The security situation in the North has exacerbated the drop out problem in the north.
UNICEF, in its statement, said recent kidnappings and violent attacks had made it difficult for children in northern Nigeria to get education, as thousands of families are fleeing their homes and pulling their children out of school.
 

In the first three months of 2014, the United Nation’s organisation reported that at least 15,000 children in northern Nigeria had stopped attending classes.

According to UNICEF, almost one of three primary-school aged children and one in four secondary-school aged children is not enrolled.

Standard Academy is doing it’s part to address the problem. Since its opening in August 2013, Standard Academy has attracted primary-school aged children from more than 70 families. Its fees are very reasonable and several students are on scholarship.

Standard Academy teachers are dedicated, passionate and qualified. The curriculum is an unapologetic amalgamation of Western educational methodology, Islamic principles and Hausa-Fulani culture. Kids are learning their lessons in Arabic, English, and Hausa.
In January 2014, Economics On The Move (EOTM) donated pencils, books, flash cards to Standard Academy in Yola Nigeria

Ref: http://www.punchng.com/news/10-million-nigerian-kids-out-of-school-unicef/

 

EOTM Sponsors Umar

Standard Academy President, Nuruddeen Nyako, Umar and Dr. Daniel Barkley

EOTM sponsors Umar’s education.

I first met Umar (age 6) wondering the dusty streets of Yola alone wearing short pants, no shirt or shoes.  Today, Umar is attending Standard Academy primary school.  This transformation was made possible with through EOTM sponsorship.

Today’s Learners, Tomorrow’s Leaders (TL2)

These are a collection of videos involving the Today’s Learners, Tomorrow’s Leaders (TL2) program at the University of Cincinnati.

EOTM Partners with the Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (BRICS)

About Us: Changing Lives

Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (BRICS) is a community-based NGO that promotes cycling sports and related activities as vehicles for change in Yola, Nigeria. BRICS has made remarkable progress in a relatively short time. BRICS has trained over 20 kids to unicycle, established pen-pal writing correspondences with unicycling kids in the USA, fabricated unicycles locally (pictured, left) and started an advertising venture featuring Yola’s unicycling kids.

BRICS kids with Pen-Pal Letters from Cincinnati, Ohio USA

BRICS kids with Pen-Pal Letters from Cincinnati, Ohio USA

 

Our Vision: Giving Hope

In recognition of the invaluable asset youth are to the future prosperity, peace and sustainability of our community, BRICS is committed to cycling initiatives that honor and nurture the talents and abilities of Yola youth.

Isa and Marvelous training Ahmed (centered) to unicycle

Isa and Marvelous training Ahmed (centered) to unicycle

 

Our Mission: Shaping the Future

In addition to having fun learning how to unicycle, our kids learn discipline, cooperation, leadership, responsibility and team spirit in a safe and nurturing space.

BRICS President Nuruddeen Nyako instructing youth on riding unicycles in formation

BRICS President Nuruddeen Nyako instructing youth on riding unicycles in formation.

 

Empowering Youth

BRICS students learning computer skills at the AUN School of Information Technology and Computing

BRICS students learning computer skills at the American University of Nigeria School of Information Technology and Computing

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Advertise With Us

Unicycling is a new sport in Adamawa State and its eye-catching performances present an opportunity to generate revenue through various advertising platforms. BRICS unicyclist are available to perform at event including parades, grand openings, weddings and birthdays.

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BRICS paid a visit to TVGotel as part of the 2014 Children's Day Celebration. BRICS President, Nuruddeen Nyako and trainee Daniwa Gambo were featured in the breakfast TV Show, SAFIYA (May 27, 2014).

BRICS paid a visit to TVGotel as part of the 2014 Children’s Day Celebration. BRICS President, Nuruddeen Nyako and trainee Daniwa Gambo were featured in the breakfast TV Show, SAFIYA (May 27, 2014).

 

Contact Us

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Bicycle Riders International Cooperative Society (B.R.I.C.S.)

23/24 Amana Shopping Complex
Lamido Zubairu Way
By Yola Model School Junction
Yola South
Adamawa State, Nigeria
bicycleridersnigeria@gmail.com
+234 814 188 6500
+234 807 209 1982